You may have missed it, but recently amongst all the political mayhem, and ahead of what seems like an imminent General Election, the Children’s Commissioner Anne Longfield launched her ‘Children’s Manifesto’, setting out what young people want.
What is the role of the Children’s Commissioner?
The role of Children’s Commissioner is to promote and protect the rights of children, especially the most vulnerable, and stand up for their views and interests. Independent of Government and Parliament, the Children’s Commissioner has unique powers to help bring about long-term change and improvements for all children, particularly the most vulnerable. She is the ‘eyes and ears’ of children in the system and the country as a whole and is expected to carry out her duties ‘without fear or favour’ of Government, children’s agencies, and the voluntary and private sectors.
The post of Children’s Commissioner was created following a recommendation made by Lord Laming in the Victoria Climbie Inquiry. The role was initially established under the Children Act 2004 which gave the Commissioner responsibility for promoting awareness of the views and interests of children. The Commissioner’s statutory remit includes:
- understanding what children and young people think about things that affect them; and
- encouraging decision makers to always take their best interests into account.
The Children and Families Act 2014 further strengthened the remit, powers and independence of the Commissioner, and gave her special responsibility for the rights of children who are in or leaving care, living away from home or receiving social care services. She also speaks for wider groups of children on non-devolved issues including immigration (for the whole of the UK) and youth justice (for England and Wales).
The latest publication from the Children’s Commissioner is entitled: ‘Guess How Much We Love You: A Manifesto for Children’, and it is based on the key issues that children have told the Children’s Commissioner’s Office are affecting their lives.
“The building blocks of a good childhood haven’t changed – secure relationships, a decent home and inspiring schools. But I want politicians to think seriously about whether they are truly prioritising these things for children. I’ve heard more national political conversation about HS2, water nationalisation and tax cuts – and of course Brexit – than I have about children.”
What is the Children’s Manifesto?
The Children’s Manifesto sets out six key themes:
- supporting stronger families;
- providing decent places for children to live;
- helping children to have healthy minds;
- keeping children active;
- providing SEND support for those who need it; and
- creating safer streets and play areas.
Within these themes, the ideas that Longfield says she wants to see the political parties include in their election manifestos based on the views of children are:
– Extend and expand the Troubled Families Programme or an equivalent system of family support: family support put at the heart of children’s social care, with an expansion of the Troubled Families Programme to 500,000 households, and an outcomes framework built more around children;
– A Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service counsellor in every school: Children tell the Commissioner they want access to mental health support, quicker, more conveniently, and ideally delivered in schools, where it would attract less stigma;
– Adequate funding for Special Educational Needs and Disabilities, including pre-statutory support: From the failure to provide early support such as speech and language therapy, to long waiting lists for assessments for children with suspected autism, a paucity of suitable school places for children with high needs, and soaring exclusions, the system is patching up problems and failing kids rather than helping them, the SEND system must be adequately funded;
– Schools open at evenings, weekends and holidays: The Children’s Commissioner believes all schools should stay open during evenings and weekends and throughout school holidays, to provide a range of activities from sports to arts, drama to digital citizenship; and high quality youth support. Such a scheme would broaden children’s access to education, it would help parents with childcare and be good for children’s mental health and social skills and help to tackle the scourge of serious violence and gangs. The cost of this must not be borne by schools and teachers, the manifesto states.
– Police officers and youth workers in schools: Security in schools and neighbourhoods has to be a priority for any government. The Children’s Commissioner wants to see neighbourhood police officers attached to every school. Parks should be made safer, more lights, more adults, and CCTV.
– A Cabinet committee for children: The next government should establish a cross-government Cabinet committee: a committee for children.
Longfield warns that tackling complex generational problems will not be quick, and it will not be cheap as the issues set out in the manifesto would cost around £10 billion to implement everything.
She said: “Children do not have a vote. Unless political parties choose to listen to them, they do not have a voice. I am the eyes and ears of children in the Whitehall system and I see far, far too often the interests of children being subjugated to the interests of others – of business, or of bureaucracies, or of adults who do have votes and whose views are therefore counted.
“We should be ashamed that there are literally millions of kids in England not having the childhood we in a decent society would want them to have. Yet none of this is inevitable: we get the society we choose. The right help at the right time pays dividends – to the children, to society and the public purse, now and in the future.
“I want England to be a great place for all children to grow up. This manifesto sets out a vision for a more child, and family- focused society. It demands that all political parties take action in their manifestos to improve the lives of kids,” she concluded.
To read more about the work of the Children’s Commissioner and the Children’s Manifesto, check out: https://www.childrenscommissioner.gov.uk/
Listening to children’s voices, and keeping their needs absolutely central, is the overriding principle we should all bring to our safeguarding practice.
Key, child-centred, principles within safeguarding practice
In my Basic Awareness Safeguarding training I always share, with examples, the list of key principles that statutory guidance that underpin child-centred practice include, which are:
- Vigilance: to have adults notice when things are troubling them
- Understanding and action: to understand what is happening; to be heard and understood; and to have that understanding acted upon
- Stability: to be able to develop an on-going stable relationship of trust
- Respect: to be treated with the expectation that they are competent rather than not
- Information and engagement: to be informed about and involved in procedures, decisions, concerns and plans
- Explanation: to be informed of the outcome of decisions and reasons when their views have not met with a positive response
- Support: in their own right as well as a member of their family
- Advocacy: to be provided with advocacy to assist them in putting forward their views
- Protection: to be protected against all forms of abuse and discrimination
‘Working Together to Safeguard Children’ 2018
These principles were derived from buzz groups of young people themselves which I feel and say adds a real elegance to the principles – an excellent definition of child-centred practice derived from excellent child-centred practice. I also share that the main reason that most mistakes are made in safeguarding practice is when adults forget to put children at the centre of their thinking and (for some reason or other) stop listening to their voices.
Cultivating a culture within your setting where children’s voices are listened to is also a key part of the duties of a Designated Safeguarding Lead (Keeping Children Safe in Education 2019).